Alcohols, Ethers, and Organometallic Compounds

Return to Organic Chemistry 1 Syllabus

You’re almost there! Hopefully your hard work has paid off so far- this is the last section this syllabus will cover. Make sure you to take time to review the above sections before your final. This section will deal with specific functional groups. Namely, you guessed it, alcohols, ethers, and organometallic compounds.

Alcohols are compounds with an -OH group attached to them. Ethers contain an -O- group somewhere within the chain of atoms. Organometallic compounds contain a Metal-Carbon (R-M) bond, which provides some useful reagents for reactions. Each of these functional groups has distinct features that you should be familiar with. As always when learning about new types of molecules, there are going to be some more rules regarding nomenclature you will need to learn.

What to know about these functional groups

The first thing you should learn is the new rules associated with naming molecules containing these functional groups. From there, make sure you know some of the specific properties of the functional groups and the reactions they participate in. Pay special attention to the organometallic compounds, because they have some pretty important functions as reagents. Be familiar with Grignard Reagents and Gilman Reagents. Know the difference and how they are used in various reactions.

6 Curated Resources

Alcohol Reactions

free, Article

This gives a mapped-out diagram of all the reactions that involve alcohols. You may not need all of them, but they are always good to know for synthesis problems.

Thiols and Thioethers

free, Article

Thiols are likely not going to be as important as alcohols or other functional groups, but knowing about nomenclature and reactions for synthesis’ sake is never a bad idea.

Khan Academy is always a good place to begin, here’s their overview of an important functional group- ethers.

Organometallic Compounds

free, Article

Organometallic Compounds are pretty important and have some big roles in reactions, here’s a good introduction to the topic.

This is a very important reagent to learn, so make sure to understand how these reactions proceed.

Gilman Reagents

free, Article

Gilman Reagents, not to be confused with Grignard, are another important reagent to make sure you know well and understand the associated reactions.